New York, New York
BIG (Bjarke Ingels Group) with One Architecture, Starr Whitehouse, James Lima Planning + Development, Project Projects, Green Shield Ecology, AEA Consulting, Level Agency for Infrastructure, Arcadis, and the Parsons School of Constructed Environments
The Big U is a protective system around Manhattan, driven by the needs and concerns of its communities. Stretching from West 57th street south to The Battery and up to East 42th street, the Big U protects 10 continuous miles of low-lying geography that comprise an incredibly dense, vibrant, and vulnerable urban area. The proposed system not only shields the city against floods and stormwater; it provides social and environmental benefits to the community, and an improved public realm.
The proposal consists of separate but coordinated plans for three contiguous regions of the waterfront and associated communities, regions dubbed compartments. Each compartment comprises a physically separate flood-protection zone, isolated from flooding in the other zones, but each equally a field for integrated social and community planning. The compartments work in concert to protect and enhance the city, but each compartment’s proposal is designed to stand on its own. Each compartment was designed in close consultation with the associated communities and many local, municipal, state and federal stakeholders; each has a benefit-cost ratio greater than one; and each is flexible, easily phasable, and can be integrated with in-progress developments along the City’s waterfront.
Bridging Berm provides robust vertical protection for the Lower East Side from future storm surge and rising sea levels. The Berm also offers pleasant, accessible routes into the park, with many unprogrammed spots for resting, socializing, and enjoying views of the park and river. Both berms and bridges are wide and planted with a diverse selection of salt tolerant trees, shrubs and perennials, providing a resilient urban habitat.
Between the Manhattan Bridge and Montgomery Street, deployable walls are attached to the underside of the FDR Drive, ready to flip down to prepare for flood events. Decorated by neighborhood artists, the panels when not in use create an inviting ceiling above the East River Esplanade. At night, lighting integrated into the panels transforms a currently menacing area into a safe destination. Panels can also be flipped down to protect from the elements, creating a seasonal market during the winter.
The east and west boundaries of the Battery were key inlets during Hurricane Sandy, allowing floodwaters to rush into Lower Manhattan and shut down the nation’s – and the world’s – premier financial district. Enhancing the public realm while protecting the Financial District and critical transportation infrastructure beyond, the Battery Berm weaves an elevated path through the park. Along this berm, a series of upland knolls form unique landscapes where people farm, sunbathe, eat and engage with world class gardens.
In place of the existing Coast Guard building, the plan envisions a new building programmed as a maritime museum or environmental education facility, whose form is derived from the flood protection at the water-facing ground floor. This signature building features a “Reverse Aquarium” which enables visitors to observe tidal variations and sea level rise while providing a flood barrier.
Download a PDF of the BIG Team’s final competition boards here.
Download a PDF of the BIG Team’s final report here.
Review an earlier version of the proposal here.
Asian Americans for Equality, Battery Park City Authority, Battery Park Conservancy, Brookfield Properties, Con Edison, Dermot, Downtown Alliance, Edison Properties, Empire State Development Corporation, Fire Department of New York, Friends of the High Line, Howard Hughes Corporation, Hudson River Park Trust, Lower East Side Ready (LTRG), Metropolitan Water Alliance, Metropolitan Transit Authority – City Transit / Bridges and Tunnels, Municipal Art Society, New York Rising, National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), New York Building Congress, New York State Department of Transportation, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, New York State Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic Preservation, NYC Housing Authority, NYC City Council Districts 1,2,3,4, NYC Department of Citywide Administrative Services, NYCy Department of City Planning, NYC Department of Environmental Protection, NYC Department of Sanitation , NYC Department of Transportation, NYC Department of Education, NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission , NYC Manhattan Community Districts, NYC Mayor’s Office & Office of Long-Term Planning and Sustainability, NYC Parks Department, New York Police Department, New York State Senate Districts 26,26,28,31, New York State Assembly Districts 65,66,67,73,74,75, Port Authority of New York & New Jersey, Riverkeeper, Real Estate Board of New York, Regional Plan Association, Scenic Hudson, US Army Corps of Engineers, US Coast Guard, US Department of Homeland Security, US Department of the Interior – National Parks Service, US Department of Transportation, US Environmental Protection Agency, US General Services Administration, US Congressional Districts 8,12,14, 1,2,3,4,6